Shiur 08/28/18 Beitza 37b



Beitza 37b


1- Our Mishna  discusses the detailed laws of תחומין. Meaning the limitation placed on the transportation of utensils based on who is considered the owner.

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We mentioned that the Gemara in Eiruvin discusses this topic at length. But there the issue is the person and his תחום.  In our Gemara, since one may carry on Yom Tov, the topic is the movement of items that are carried.


2 – We spoke about the maps prepared by an organization in Monsey delineating the Techum for many cities. The Rov that prepares these detailed maps is Reb  Yechezkel Weiss. He can be reached at 845-709-2181 or


3 – The difference between Sephardim and Ashkenazim in regards to an Eiruv Techumin. See here in the Mechaber and Ramo.

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This would be a classical case of someone who places an Eiruv at 2,000 Amos outside his city limits to the North. He then spends the night in the city.

Can he walk around in his city, where he spent the night, to the South?


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4 – We spoke about need to actually be able to eat the food one places as an Eiruv Techumin. A can of sardines without a can opener may not work….


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5- Case of an item shared by two people with different תחומין.  The item is at the end of each one’s 2000 Amos.


It cannot be moved at all!

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 6- We discussed the ‘squaring the area of a city” North to South based on a map.


Shiur 8/21/18 Beitza 37a


Beitzah 37a

1- The Misha lists the prohibition to separate תרומה  and מעשר on Shabbos and Yom Tov.

The reason is that it resembles a ‘business transaction”. It also has the issue of מתקן מנא. Fixing an item that is not usable. The produce, in our case, is not edible until Truma is taken care of.  

2- We spoke about the question of Tosfos in Gitin 31a. DH Bemachshava. Truma can be given without any action at all. If one has produce that is in separate crates and wants give Terumah all he needs to do is to set aside in his mind a crate for Terumah.

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We mentioned ‘crates’ specifically. If the item is, say, wine, then although the Truma can still be done by designating the Truma to the last drops in the barrel, another issues arises.

That issue, as discussed at the shiur, is ברירה. The Truma in the barrel is mixed with the rest. Some opinions say that one may indeed drink from the barrel and the last remaining drops retroactively become Truma!

In Kidushin 26b a story is told about Rabban Gamliel who actually did this.

מעשה ברבן גמליאל וזקנים שהיו באים בספינה אמר להם רבן גמליאל לזקנים עישור שאני עתיד למוד נתון לו ליהושע ומקומו מושכר לו ועישור אחר שאני עתיד למוד נתון לו לעקיבא בן יוסף כדי שיזכה בו לעניים ומקומו מושכר לו

But the Halachah is as the other school of thought. Meaning that if someone does that, there is Terumah in the barrel but it is mixed (אין ברירה) and therefore one would not be allowed to drink any of it.  

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So, asks Tosfos, what labor is involved in such an action? So why it is prohibited to perform on Shabbos or Yom Tov? Tosfos answers that even though there is no action per se, nevertheless since he is now making the food edible, it is prohibited because of מתקן.

3- Discussed the two seperate part of Terumah and Ma’aser. The separating and the giving it to the Kohen or Levi.

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3- We discussed the Gemara about a cow and it’s calf that fell into a pit on Yom Tov. Hauling one out of the pit to shecht is very labor intensive but would be permitted on Yom Tov. On the other hand to take them both out creates an issue since both cannot be shechted on the same day because it is אותו ואת בנו.

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4- We began the Mishnah about moving one’s objects out of the תחום on Yom Tov and as an introduction established that any 3 houses is technically a city and all cities are Halachikaly by default a square. 

We spoke about the perplexing question as to why Reb Moshe Feinstein wrote extensively against making an Eiruv in Brooklyn but allowed it in Queens.

Shiur 8/14/18 Beitza 36b


Beitzah 36b

1- Our Mishnah categorizes different activities into three different groups and declares that the activities that are prohibited on Shabbos are prohibited on Yom Tov as well.

One of these activities is sitting down to a Din Torah. We mentioned the words of Reb Shrira Gaon that placing a suspect in a jail is prohibited on Shabbos. “And if as a result he escapes it is not our concern”. See here in the Alter Rebbe. 339, 3.

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2- The Mishnah enumerates other activities which are prohibited because they are similar to doing business. Doing business is prohibited because of two reason;

A- It may cause to write the business transactions.

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B- It is contrary to the spirit of Shabbos and Yom Tov.  ממצוא חפצך ודבר דבר.

3- We briefly touched upon the topic of selling on Shabbos when there is no involvement from the seller. Such as selling online.

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The words of Reb Akiva Eiger (159) are the source of this dialogue. He quotes the תרומת הדשן about  a bechor whose 31st day occurs on Shabbos. The פדיון הבן is performed on Sunday. But how about  giving the כהן the money for a פדיון הבן with the condition that it only takes effect on Shabbos? The TH responds that there would be a problem of when to make the ברכה.

Thank you to Danny who pointed out that we rely on the שואל ומשיב and do the same for מכירת חמץ ערב שבת.

So RAE derives from this that other than the ברכה there is no issue! Thus such business transactions, when nothing is done on Shabbos, may indeed be permitted. RAE writes much more on this topic.

4- The Mishnah concludes by saying that “there is no difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov except “אוכל נפש.  

We mentioned the saying of Reb Zushia of Anipoli who quotes a Zohar that on inviting guests on Yom Tov is more important than on Shabbos.

Thus the words of the Mishah  “there is no difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov except  אוכל נפש.” Meaning the אוכל נפש of the guest…….

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5- Another activity is קידושין. The Gemora says that when one already has two children (boy and girl) it is not such a Mitzvah. The Gemora is referring to actual marriage.

What about just kiddushin? We mentioned the famous Rambam (IB 1,2) where he writes that קידושין is a Mitzvah. The source for this remains unknown.

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The Rambam’s son writes that his father was asked this question and answered the his father meant the entire process of , קידושין ארוסין ונשואין.

6- We mentioned the רוקח that writes that the letter פ is not found in the Parsha of מעשה בראשית  signifying that on Shabbos one should not use one’s mouth to speak…

7- The Yerushalmi writes that “it is only with difficulty that the Chachomim allowed one to talk דברי תורה on Shabbos”!!!!